Pectin refers to a group of diverse and complex polysaccharides found in the primary cell wall and intercellular space (middle lamella) of plant cells. Pectin is mostly composed of a sugar residue called D-galacturonic acid. The dominant polysaccharides in pectin are homogalacturonan, rhamnogalacturonan I, rhamnogalacturonan II, and xylogalacturonan. Pectin is a carbohydrate.

Pectin has the potential to lower serum cholesterol, particularly low-density lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol, improve insulin resistance, relief diarrhea, and acts as detoxicant, as regulator and protectant of the gastrointestinal tract, as immune system stimulant and as anti-ulcer and antinephrotic agent.


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